Total Shoulder Replacement
For patients with severe arthritis of the shoulder who have not achieved pain relief from non-operative treatments, or who have had a severe fracture, a total shoulder replacement is often an option. The surgeon replaces the damaged or arthritic joint surfaces with a highly-polished metal ball attached to a stem, and a plastic socket. In cases where the ball is severely damaged and the socket is normal, the surgeon may replace only the ball. As with any joint replacement surgery, a rehabilitation program that includes physical therapy and home exercises is key to a successful recovery.
Reverse Shoulder Replacement
In certain cases, where the rotator cuff tendons are severely degenerated or torn beyond repair and the patient has a drastic loss of mobility and severe pain, a reverse shoulder replacement may be an option. A reverse shoulder replacement works better with a person has a rotator cuff arthropathy. The reverse shoulder replacement depends on the deltoid muscle as opposed to the rotator cuff to power and position the shoulder.