A Bankart Repair is a procedure to prevent recurring anterior shoulder dislocations due to instability in the back (anterior) of the shoulder. A Bankart injury occurs when an initial shoulder dislocation damages the anterior glenoid labrum of the shoulder joint. The labrum is a thick band of cartilage that lines the glenoid (socket). This attaches to the bone and helps keep the ball of the humerus in place. When the labrum is torn or stretched, a pocket forms at the front of the glenoid. This creates room for the humeral head to slip out of the socket.
If you have a Bankart injury, your shoulder surgeon may perform a minimally invasive arthroscopic procedure to repair the damaged labrum. In severe cases, or if the shoulder continues to dislocate despite surgery, your surgeon may recommend a more involved, open procedure.
Severe shoulder pain
Repeated shoulder dislocations
Sense of instability and aching in the shoulder
You can watch a general demonstration of the procedure below. However, your surgery may vary depending on the extent of your injury and other factors that may be involved.