Sciatica is a condition in which pain radiates along the path of the sciatic nerve branching from the lower back through the hips and buttocks and down each leg. The pain from sciatica is
usually limited to one side of the body. It tends to affect people between the ages of 30 – 60 years.
CAUSES AND SYMPTOMS
The most common causes of sciatica are a herniated disk, bone spur on the spine, or a narrowing of the spine called spinal stenosis, that puts pressure on the nerve roots in the lumbar section of the spine, causing inflammation and pain. Sudden pressure on the vertebrae of the lower spine from an acute injury can also trigger the condition. It can feel like a sharp, leg cramp that can last for weeks.
In most cases, sciatica can be resolved with such non-surgical treatments as rest, non-steroidal inflammatory medications, the application of heat or cold to the affected area, and physical therapy.
If the pain persists or worsens, your physician may administer a cortisone injection into the spine or surgery may be recommended. If those measures fail to provide relief or if the sciatica is accompanied by significant leg weakness or bowel or bladder changes, surgery may be recommended.