- College: Stanford University, Stanford, California, 1982-1986
- Medical School: University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts, 1987-1991
- Residency: Neurological Surgery, Barrow Neurological Institute, Phoenix, Arizona, 1992-1998
- Fellowship: Spinal Surgery Fellowship, Barrow Neurological Institute, Phoenix, Arizona, 1998
Dr. Apostolides graduated from Stanford University and University of Massachusetts Medical School. He completed his residency at the Barrow Neurological Institute in Phoenix, Arizona, where he also did his fellowship training. Board certified by the American Board of Neurological Surgery, Apostolides is a well-published and nationally recognized expert in spinal surgery. He served on the North American Spine Society Guidelines Committee, which creates treatment standards for spinal disorders used by spine specialists across the country.
Dr. Apostolides believes that surgery is a last choice for treatment of back pain and should be considered only after the cause of a patients symptoms has been accurately identified and all non-surgical options have been thoroughly explored. Most episodes of acute back pain will be resolved with rest, activity modifications, anti-inflammatory medications, physical therapy and a home exercise program. Most patients can avoid future episodes by taking a global approach to their recovery that includes weight and posture control, muscle strengthening, sleeping on a good mattress and not smoking. Patients who have structural problems of their spine or spinal instability, and have not benefited from conservative treatment, are often excellent surgical candidates. Only a very small group of people with back pain in combination with degenerative disc disease will benefit from surgical intervention. The goal of treatment, whether surgical or non-surgical, is to get the patient back to his, or her, normal activity level.
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Diplomate, American Board of Neurological Surgery
Diplomate, National Board of Medical Examiners
American Academy of Neurological Surgeons
College of Neurological Surgeons
Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves
North American Spine Society
Member of Spine Universe
Greenwich Hospital Medical Staff Fund
American Board of Neurological Surgery
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Porter RW, Crawford NR, Chamberlain RH, Park SC, Detwiler PW, Apostolides PJ, Sonntag VK., Biomechanical analysis of multilevel cervical corpectomy and plate constructs. J Neurosurg. 2003 Jul;99(1 Suppl):98-103.
The authors compared the biomechanical stability of two multilevel cervical constructs involving the placement of equal size anterior cervical plates (ACPs) after decompressive surgery: the first is placed after three-level corpectomy with strut graft and the second after two-level corpectomy and aggressive discectomy with strut graft. In addition, both constructs were evaluated with and without the application of a screw attaching the ACP to the strut graft to determine whether the additional screw enhanced stability in any mode of loading.