Heeren Makanji, MD

Heeren Makanji, MC
  • College: University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT
  • Medical School: Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA
  • Residency: Harvard Combined Orthopedic Residency Program, Mass. General Hospital/Brigham and Women's Hospital/Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA
  • Fellowship: Orthopedic Spine Surgery, Rothman Institute/Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA
 Heeren Makanji, MD is an orthopedic spine surgeon who specializes in the operative and non-operative treatment of spinal disorders.  His expertise and clinical interests include complex cervical and lumbar reconstruction and  minimally invasive, robotic navigation-assisted spine surgery. He has experience treating degenerative conditions as well as tumors, trauma and infections.

Dr. Makanji received his Bachelor and Master of Science degrees as an Honors and University Scholar from the University of Connecticut, graduating Summa cum Laude. Further, he attended Harvard Medical School, graduating with similar honors. Residency did not take him far, as he went to the Harvard Combined Orthopaedic Residency Program at the Massachusetts General Hospital/Brigham and Young Women’s Hospital/Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, where he was appointed chief resident. He received fellowship training in Orthopedic Spine Surgery at the Rothman Institute and Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia, where he was a clinical instructor in orthopaedic surgery.

Dr. Makanji currently sits on the editorial board for Clinical Spine Surgery, a peer reviewed publication, and is an author and reviewer for Orthobullets, an online platform used by thousands of residents and attending physicians for orthopaedic content and training.


International Society for Advancement of Spine Surgery-Education Committee Member

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons-Member

North American Spine Society-Member


American Board of Orthopedic Surgery, Board-eligible


University of Connecticut, Summa Cum Laude

Harvard Medical School, Summa Cum Laude


Makanji HS, Schoenfeld AJ, Bhalla A, Moghimi MH, Bono CM. Critical Analysis of Trends in Lumbar Fusion for Degenerative Disorders Revisited: Influence of Technique on Fusion Rate and Clinical Outcomes. (Under review)

Tobert DG, Makanji HS, Cha TD. Lumbar Interbody Fusion for Adjacent Segment Disease: Illustrative Cases. (Accepted at Seminars in Spine Surgery)

Makanji HS, Jenis LG. Understanding Financial Statements in Clinical Practice: A Primer. Clin Spine Surg. 2017;30(4):167-168.

Makanji HS, Le H, Wood KB, Jenis LG, Cha TD. Morphometric Analysis of the Retroperitoneal Vessels with Respect to Lateral Access Surgery in Adult Scoliosis. Clin Spine Surg. 2017;30(7):E1010-E1014.

Schoenfeld AJ, Makanji H, Jiang W, Koehlmoos T, Bono CM, Haider AH. Is There Variation in Procedural Utilization for Lumbar Spine Disorders Between a Fee-for-Service and Salaried Healthcare System. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2017. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-017-5229-5.

Makanji HS, Nwosu K, Bono CM. Editorial on “Long-term clinical outcomes of cervical disc arthroplasty: a prospective, randomized, controlled trial” by Sasso et al. J Spine Surg. 2016;2(4):353-356

Makanji HS, Bhalla A, Bono CM. BMP-2 with Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Clinical Usage and Recent Controversies. Semin Spine Surg. 2016;28(4):233-238.

Ghori A, Konopka FJ, Makanji H, Cha TD, Bono CM. Long Term Societal Costs of Anterior Discectomy and Fusion (ACDF) versus Cervical Disc Arthroplasty (CDA) for Treatment of Cervical Radiculopathy. Int J Spine Surg. 2016;10:1

Ghori A, Le HV, Makanji H, Cha T. Posterior Fixation Techniques in the Subaxial Cervical Spine. Cureus. 2015;7(10):e338

Makanji H, Ghori A, Brick GW. Atraumatic Lumbosacral Fusion Mass Fracture: Bisphosphonates to Blame? Orthopaedic Journal at Harvard Medical School. 2015;16:82-87

Okike K, Lee OC, Makanji H, Morgan JH, Harris MB, Vrahas MS. Comparison of Locked Plate Fixation and Nonoperative Management for Displaced Proximal Humerus Fractures in Elderly Patients. Am J Orthop. 2015;44(4):E106-112

Becker SJ, Makanji HS, Ring D. Changes in Treatment Plan for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Based on Electrodiagnostic Test Results. J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2014;39(2):187-193

Makanji HS, Becker SJ, Mudgal CS, Jupiter JB, Ring D. Evaluation of the Scratch Collapse Test for the Diagnosis of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2014;39(2):181-186

Makanji HS, Zhao M, Mudgal CS, Jupiter JB, Ring D. Correspondence Between Clinical Presentation and Electrophysiological Testing for Potential Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2013;38(5):489-495

Okike K, Lee OC, Makanji H, Harris MB, Vrahas MS. Factors Associated with the Decision for Operative Versus Non-Operative Treatment of Displaced Proximal Humerus Fractures in the Elderly. Injury. 2013;44(4):448-455

Becker SJ, Makanji HS, Ring D. Expected and Actual Improvement of Symptoms with Carpal Tunnel Release. J Hand Surg Am. 2012;37(7):1324-1329

Cowan J, Makanji H, Mudgal C, Jupiter J, Ring D. Determinants of Return to Work After Carpal Tunnel Release. J Hand Surg Am. 2012;37(1):18-27

deLivron MA, Makanji HS, Lane MC, Robinson VL. A Novel Domain in the Translational GTPase BipA Mediates Interaction with the 70S Ribosome and Influences GTP Hydrolysis. Biochemistry. 2009;48(44):10533-10541