As with many orthopedic injuries, repetitive motion like throwing can create an excessive stress on shoulder and elbow tendons and ligaments. Repeated stress can also tear the ligament and tendon away from the bone and can even pull off tiny bone fragments. In the case of children, normal bone growth can be affected if this condition is left untreated.
Symptoms of Injury
The symptoms of a throwing injury can include shoulder pain or elbow pain, a reduced range of motion and, with the elbow, the tendency for the joint to lock.
The most common treatments include resting and icing the affected area to reduce swelling. NSAIDs such as ibuprofen may be helpful to ease pain and inflamation. Physical therapy may be recommended. In some cases, surgery may be needed to repair rotator cuff tendons in the shoulder or ligaments on the inside of the elbow to restore proper function and throwing mechanics and reduce pain.