Articular cartilage is a firm rubbery tissue that covers the ends of bones. It provides a smooth gliding surface between joints and acts as a cushion between bones. Cartilage can break down due to overuse or injury, which can lead to pain and swelling and problems with your joint.
This procedure is typically performed on a person who has a specific cartilage defect, usually caused by an injury. It is not done when cartilage loss is much more extensive.
The video below is intended to give you a general overview of the procedure. Your own surgery will be determined by the conditions of the cartilage defect and the judgement of your surgeon.