Not all chronic hip pain is due to arthritis. Hip impingement, also known as femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), can cause significant pain in the groin during sports activity, as well as during daily routines like getting dressed, climbing stairs, and even sitting comfortably in a chair.
Hip impingement tends to occur in active young adults, and especially athletes. It is a painful and often unrecognized condition that involves a tear in the labrum. The problem may occur for various reasons, including the way the bones are formed at a young age, causing bone spurs to develop that pinch the labrum and damage the joint cartilage.
Hip Impingement Treatment
In the past, if hip impingement was even identified, open surgery with a long recovery was the best course of treatment. Now the condition can be corrected using hip arthroscopy. With two small incisions and a small camera, the surgeon can clearly visualize the hip ball and socket, see exactly where the impingement is, to repair the labral damage and re-contour the hip joint toward normal anatomy.
Not all hip impingement cases are best treated arthroscopically. Joint reconstructive surgery may be a better option for those with significant osteoarthrosis.
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